ABOUT OF BAKAR
We welcome you to Bakar, one of the oldest towns on the northern Adriatic with a long and rich history. The area of Bakar town stretches from the Bakar Bay to the peak of Risnjak Mountain occupying about 12,560 hectares and encompassing seven small towns: Bakar, Hreljin, Krasica, Kukuljanovo, Praputnjak, Škrljevo and Zlobin. Bakar, the ancient town and a port, a place where the Mediterranean Sea penetrated most deeply into the European land, looks like a pearl clasped by arms of the deep bay, 4.5 km long, 600 to 700 m wide and 40 m deep. The town is built in an amphitheatric form on a hill. In 1968 its old city centre was proclaimed a monument of culture.
The area of the town of Bakar was inhabited as early as in the 3rd and the 2nd millennium before Christ. The Roman Empire and Croatian noble families of Frankopan and Zrinski left profound imprints. In 1779 the empress Maria Theresa awarded Bakar the status of a free town. It is important to note that the representatives of the Town of Bakar were among those who supported the famous Vinodol Code from 1288 where the name of Bakar was mentioned for the first time. A rich history has left an important cultural heritage which is reflected in the Bakar Citadel, Castle of Hreljin, St. Andrew’s Church (the third largest in Croatia), Roman and Turkish houses, Bakar ‘s dry stone walls and many other cultural and historical sights and peculiarities.
Of numerous Bakar’s peculiarities, the famous Bakarska Vodica Grand Cuvée (sparkling wine) and Bakar’s biscuit are to be singled out. The world-wide famous sparkling wine Bakarska vodica originates from the Belina grape, which used to be cultivated in the Bakar region. The dry stone walls were built during the 18th century and abandoned in the ‘50s of the 20th century. In 1972 the dry stone walls were proclaimed ethno zone and included in the Registry of cultural monuments.
The famous Bakar’s biscuit is a typical fresh or roasted bread product made in a form of a ring, which sailors used to take on long fishing trips instead of fresh bread. It is eaten by dipping it into wine. Our town is particularly distinguished by its narrow streets and squares, which will tell you a fascinating story about the history gone with the wind. Even the glance at the Bakar’s sea, will create an image of people who used to sail and trade here once: Illyrians, Celts, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Venetians and Croats who came here and settled down in the 7th century.
Do not hesitate, visit the town of Bakar and all of our towns, discover its rich history and heritage, and with that enrich yourself for the future. We hope that your stay in our town will be pleasant and that the power of its glorious past will impress you and bring you back again…
BICYCLE ROUTES “BAKAR BIKE”
The best way to research the area surrounding the town of Bakar is certainly by bike. There are even 9 marked trails with over 160 kilometres passing through the hundred year old forests, grassy meadows and hillsides full of short vegetation which will each tell you their own story. True, due to the height difference, these stories are rather demanding, but that just makes them more exciting and unforgettable.
THE WALKING PATHS “TOWARDS THE CASTLE”
The walking paths “Towards the Castle” is around 1,600 m long, of easy to medium difficulty for which you will need 20 minutes of light walking in order to reach the finish. The start of the walk is at around 300 m above sea level and the finish within the remains of the Hreljin Castle at around 310 m, whilst the lowest point of the walk is at a height of around 272 m. The walk leads to the Hreljin Castle, where today we can find the ruins of the medieval town of Hreljin located on the most western part of Vinodol and which proudly rises on the steep cliffs over Bakarac. In the Middle Age, the old town of Hreljin was an eminent residential, commercial, defence and administrative centre. Up until today, amongst the visible remains and what is left of the town walls and a variety of other objects, two ecclesiastical facilities have also been conserved: St. George’s church bell tower together with ruins of the church itself and also the church of the Holy Virgin Mary (Our Lady of the Snow).
On the way to the Castle you can enjoy the beautiful natural surroundings and view over Bakar Bay. After a 15 minute walk you will encounter three old water depositories, the so called “kalci” or “lokve”. One of them, with a diameter of 10 m, was once used for cattle breeding whilst the other two, deeper but smaller in diameter, were used exclusively for the needs of people. At the end you will see the ruins of the old town of Hreljin from which an unforgettable view over the entire Kvarner Bay extends.
SHOOTING RANGE “VOJSKO”
Flying targrt archery (clay pigeons) has been practiced as an organized activity since the beginning of the last century. With the invention of modern flying targets, the three major forms of archery (TRAP, STEAM TRAP and SKEET) have developed and have become Olympic sports.
Some hunters, members of hunting sports clubs from Rijeka, Crikvenica and Opatija who practice archery of flying targets, decided to build a new archery in Kukuljanovo near the old one with 15 catapults, and all accompanying facilities as required by the Croatian Archery Federation and ISSF (International Association for Archery). The new shooting range was built on the Vojsko Hill, above Kukuljanovo and was opened to public in 1997. The Vojsko Archery is an ideal place for the ones who want to try out flying target archary.
If you want to escape from the city’s noise and spend some time in nature, we offer a possibility of recreation on a tennis court, as well as fun playing small-team soccer in Krasica. In case that you are not a sporty person, you can take a walk in the beautiful nature, sit on a terrace of a nearby coffee shop, and relax with a beautiful view on the Kvarner Bay.
Thanks to a shallow sea entrance, and green zone above the beach this pebble beach is ideal for families with children and young couples. Its quietness and green zone are also attractive for the senior visitors. It has shower facilities.
National park Risnjak
Risnjak was declared a national park in 1953. It is comprised of multiple mountain peaks, of which Veliki (big) Risnjak is the highest, reaching a top height of 1528 m above sea level. The area of the park is 3198 ha, and includes the central part of the massive, the highest peaks, and the most intriguing parts of the park.
In this small vicinity different climate influences intertwine, the cold alpine, the mild influence from the Adriatic Sea, continental influence, and the highland chill from the Dinara Mountains. According to the geological features, the area is of Mountainous karsts, and covered with forests and fields, except on the peaks. The distribution of the mountain vegetation is quite interesting. Cool summers, long snowy winters and an abundance of precipitation are the main characteristics of the Risnjak climate.
More than two thirds of the park is maintained as a strict reservation. Forests, and all its inhabitants are left to grow freely, with out the cutting down of trees, and the influence of man. Plant life in the park is very diverse, over 30 plant families have been registered, of which the most is comprised of beech and fir (Fagetum illyricum abietetosum), which can grow at heights up to1240 m above sea level, above that the forrest takes on sub mountainous beech (Fagetum croaticum subalpinum). The highest vegetation belt is the pine belt (Pinetum mughi croaticum).
Due to the extremely good geographical location and road links, guests can swim in the clear blue sea and breathe fresh mountain air along the lake Bajer in Fuzine, all this in the same day.
Moreover, due to this exceptional location, tourists can also visit the national parks Risnjak or Plitvice Lakes, islands of Krk, Cres, Losinj or Rab, Istria, the most famous Croatian tourist destination, the capital city of Zagreb as well as the Republic of Slovenia, northern Italy, etc.